Restaurant Workers Compensation Insurance

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Common Workers Comp Risks Faced by a Restaurant

The Restaurant Industry is a service based industry and there is an extreme amount of contact with the public. Most businesses that operate in a service based industry tend to have a larger amount of injuries to their employees, but those injuries tend to be less severe in nature. For instance, businesses like construction, roofing or floor installation have less claims, but those claims tend to be more severe because of the nature of the work. Because of the amount of contact directly with the public, employees are exposed to a large amount of risks that can cause an increase in workers compensation claims. Luckily those incidents tend to be less severe in nature, but the need to address these risks is high for business owners and managers in the restaurant industry.

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Restaurant Workers Compensation Coverage

Workers Compensations Liability, like in many industries, primarily results from slips, trips, and falls. These incidents typically result as a result of frequent interactions with customers. Cuts and burns happen with an elevated amount of frequency for kitchen staff. There are also extensive risks relating to back injuries that occur as a result of awkward lifting. Extensive training related to safety procedures is a must to keep incidents to a minimum and the rate of workers compensation insurance premium low. Having a well-documented safety program that includes a detailed return to work program can help immensely if your restaurant has a severe injury to an employee or if you have several claims during a particular term. In an industry that works with the public as much as the restaurant industry does, there are going to be accidents and injuries. When those incidents occur, if you have these safety programs in place and they are documented, your agent can show your insurance carrier that the incidents are more of an outlier and not indicitive of how your business will perform in the future. This can prevent or at least limit the amount your premium will rise after a term when you have a severe or several claims.

Because employees in most restaurants are low-wage earners, staff turnover is often high. Well-trained employees with an incentive to do their best have the fewest accidents. These employees have even fewer accidents when they receive clear direction from management. There are many ways to develop incentives to get your employees involved in a  safe work culture.  Company incentives to encourage long-term employment are positive signs of good management and a focus on employee retention can help you save when purchasing commercial insurance.

Birds Eye View of a Restaurant

 

Common Restaurant Workers Compensation Class Codes:

  • 9082: Restaurants
  • 9083: Restaurants—Fast Food Service
  • 9084: Bar, Pub, Tavern and Nightclub

 

Key Terms for Workers Compensation Insurance

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7 terms to familiarize yourself with when purchasing Workers Compensation Insurance

Insurance is like many industries, there is a lot of industry jargon. This jargon is hard to understand, even for people who are experienced business owners or even some people who work in the insurance industry. Here are 10 terms that a business owner should familiarize themselves with before renewing any commercial insurance policy. Especially before purchasing or renewing your workers compensation insurance coverage. Here is a list of 10 terms you might will more than likely hear as you talk with your workers compensation insurance agent.

 

Average Weekly Wage (AWW)

The Average Weekly Wage is a term that is used to determine an employee’s rate of temporary, total, partial disability or permanent total disability. It is usually determined by dividing the employee’s total wages for the previous year by 52. This will be important to have an accurate number and not an estimate. The policy will be audited at the end of the term and the more accurate your numbers are on the front end, the less likely you are to have to pay additional premium at the end of the term.

Date of Injury (DOI)

If the injured employee was hurt as the result of one individual event, the date of injury is the specific date the injury occurred. If the injury was caused by repeated exposures, what most would consider a cumulative injury, this is the date that the worker knew of should have known that the injury was caused by work.

First Report of Injury (FROI) 

Following an on-the-job injury, employers are usually required to file a first report of injury form.  This form should be filed with the proper state administrative agency who oversees workers compensation insurance.

Return to Work (RTW)

Return to work is a part of a businesses safety program that incorporates the injured worker in the business activities even before they are able to return to full time permanent work. This is important because humans are creatures of habit and the longer they stay off the job, the more likely they are to never return to full time employment. When this occurs claims can get out of control and negatively impact your loss ratio. A businesses loss ratio is one of the main factors carriers use to determine how much to charge a business for workers compensation premium.

Loss Ratio

The relationship of incurred losses compared to the earned premiums expressed as a percentage. If, for example, a firm pays $100,000 of premium for workers compensation insurance in a given year, and its insurer pays and reserves $50,000 in claims, the firm’s loss ratio is 50 percent ($50,000 incurred losses/$100,000 earned premiums).

 

NCCI

NCCI stands for the National Council for Compensation Insurance. According to their website the mission of NCCI is, ‘To gather data, analyze industry trends, and provide objective insurance rate and loss cost recommendations’. NCCI is currently used by 35 out of 50 states to determine workers compensation premium rates.

Pay as You Go

Pay as You Go Workers Compensation Insurance is designed to allow business owner’s to get coverage in place for less up front costs and pay premium each month based on payroll. With a traditional Workers Comp policy typically twenty five percent of the premium is due all at once. This is the minimum a business can pay to get coverage in place. The rest of the premium is usually paid in nine monthly payments. With the pay as you go option businesses can get coverage in place for as little as a few hundred dollars.  Additionally, business owner’s benefit from Pay Go Workers’ Compensation Coverage because it prevents audits from happening more frequently. An end of term audit still happens, but Pay Go prevents audits from happening more frequently and makes the difference owed much smaller. With the monthly payment format there is less risk of over or underpaying the premium.

 

 

 

Unique Workers Comp Risks

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10 Industries with Unique Workers Comp Risks

Workers Compensation Insurance Coverage is the ‘Exclusive Remedy’ that helps employers and employees sleep soundly at night. They both can sleep soundly at night because the ‘Exclusive Remedy’ allows organization to work in a way that both employers and employees have protection if an employee is hurt on the job. Employers have the protection of not being sued for injuries that occur as part of normal business duties and employees know they will be covered for medical expenses and some lost wages when they are hurt and not able to work. Now each industry has their own unique workers comp risks when it comes to managing employee safety.

 

Restaurants

The main type of workers comp risks that restaurants face is from the frequency of traffic walking in and out of their location. Slips, trips and falls are common; but fortunately are not severe when they happen. Interacting with the public can cause employees to get the cold and flu more frequently than workers in other industries.

Food Trucks

Food Trucks are similar in scope to restaurants, but they have some additional workers comp risks restaurants do not face.  The most glaring risk is the driving aspect of the business. When the employees are driving from one location to another they are still the liability of the business. Car accidents have a tendency to be injure employees more frequently and more severely.  With these more severe risks usually comes a higher premium for workers compensation insurance.

Home Health Care

In the Home Health Care Industry, workers comp risks are primarily off-site. Again, driving risks cause for a larger premium as do the risks from having to lift sick and elderly patients. Back injuries are common due to the mobility limitations of many patients. Unruly or unpredictable patients can cause injury or harm including strains, back injuries and contusions. The employee must be able to handle conflicts that may occur during interactions with other family members. All of these risks add to the increase in premium for businesses in this industry.

Roofing Companies

Roofing companies are another industry that has a higher than normal risk. Obviously working at elevation causes them to have risks for severe injury. The physical nature of the job also causes back injuries.

Floor Installers

In the Floor Installation Industry, the workers comp risks vary based upon the size and nature of the work being done. Some risks arise from working with sharp objects and hand tools. Lifting injuries, sprains, strains, hernias and back injuries occur at a fairly high frequency. Long term exposure to working on floors can lead to knee problems. Safety programs and the proper use of safety equipment can go a long way towards helping your business limit injuries and lower what a business pays in insurance premium.

Cable Installation

Cable Installation businesses have many risks that occur off premises. Slips, trips, falls, electrical shock, and lifting injuries are common. Climbing telephone poles can add additional risks and extensive digging can cause injuries to occur as well.  Like many other industries a driving risk is present in the cable installation business. Having some type of driver safety program can help limit excessive claims related to the driving risk associated with this industry.

Lawn Care and Landscaping

Workers compensation exposures in the lawn care and landscaping industry come from the operation of machinery and equipment, including some work at heights, work on uneven ground, and exposure to underground or above ground cables and lines. Since power-cutting equipment is used, there are also potential cuts and possible amputations. Back injuries, hernias, sprains and strains are all common claims. Chemical applications may cause lung problems along with allergic reactions and other more serious complications. Casual labor, seasonal workforce and high turnover present a significant loss control challenge.

Manufacturers

Wood Product Manufacturers are a different type of business than most insurance agents are used to partnering with for commercial insurance coverage. Assessing the risk of this industry is much different than assessing the risk of an HVAC or a pest control company. There are more than ten different classification codes just for workers comp risks.  The reasons for the large number of class codes is because of some businesses operating as a manufacturer, others operate as a distributor and others operate as a retailer. These differences can have an enormous impact on what you pay for insurance.  Having a long conversation with your insurance agent can help you prevent any and all potential problems.

Day Care Centers

If you own or operate a day care center you more than likely understand the uniqueness of the workers comprisks associated with this industry. Workers compensation exposures, like in a lot of industries, arise from lifting, slips, tirps and falls. These accidents can cause back injuries, hernias, sprains and strains.  Communicable diseases are another issue, because of the close proximity workers have while they spend enormous amounts of time with children who have weak immune systems and bad hygiene. All employees should have up-to-date immunizations to prevent the spread of communicable diseases. Unauthorized visitors can pose a threat to employees as well as children.

Retail Stores 

Retail stores like, unlike most industries, have a fairly predictable amount and type of workers comp risks. Those risks generally come from employee lifting and ladder usage. Employees should be trained to properly use all common devices. These devices may include ladders and commonly used equipment for lifting. Whatever type of equipment you decide to use, make sure your employees are properly trained in relation to using this equipment.  Equipment used for repair operations should be appropriately maintained to prevent injury.

Cable Installers

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Cable television companies provide television programs to customers over both fiber optic and coaxial cables. They can be provided both digitally and via satellite, but someone must install the equipment that makes these technologies work. This is where companies spring up to provide this needed service for both cable providers and television viewers. Cable Installers are usually employed by cable service providers, but in some instances they are employed as sub-contracted labor. All sub-contract labor is generally required to have specific coverage limits per their agreement with the cable contractor. This is where their workers compensation coverage is a requirement in most states.

Workers Compensation Class Codes - Cable Installers

What are the concerns for cable installers relating to Workers Comp?

The first concern related to workers’ compensation coverage is whether the installer is an employee for a cable provider or whether they are an independent contractor. If they are an employee of the company than the company is responsible for carrying the proper workers compensation coverage for them as an employee. Now if they are a contractor, depending upon the state the installer may need to purchase coverage for themselves and for their business if they have employees working for them. It is important to speak with an independent insurance agent and the proper governing body in the state in which you operate in to make sure you have the proper coverage.

What other insurance might a cable installer need?

  • General Liability
  • Inland Marine Coverage
  • Commercial Auto Insurance
  • Workers Compensation

In most states, workers compensation and general liability are required by law for most businesses. Again it is important to check with the state governing agency to determine what your business is required to carry. In most states this is the department of insurance. Two additional coverages that are beneficial to many cable installers are commercial auto and inland marine coverage. Commercial auto is needed regardless of whether you are driving your own personal car for work or a company owned car. If you do drive your personal car for work than you can get a policy called hired and non-owned auto policy. This will cover the liability the business faces that is not covered by your personal auto policy. An inland marine policy will cover any specialized equipment or tools that you have with you in transit. Because of the remote nature of this work, most of the time the installer is located at a third party site. During the time that the installer is driving from location to location they are at risk of damaging their vehicle and the tools located inside it or any additional equipment attached to a trailer. The problem is that a standard commercial auto policy will not cover additional equipment. It just covers the vehicle. For that reason you may need inland marine coverage. An independent insurance agent can help you determine if you need this coverage, and if so, how much you actually need.

Classification Codes for Cable Installers

Commercial insurance companies use various liability classification systems in order to classify and rate coverage premiums for Cable Installation. Here are the most common business insurance classifications for Cable Installers:

Business Liability Category: TV and Media Installation

SIC Business Insurance Codes:

  • 4841: Cable and Other Pay TV Services

NAICS Liability Classifications:

  • 517110: Wired Telecommunications Carriers
  • 515210: Cable and Other Subscription Programming

Business ISO General Liability:

  • 91315: Cable and Subscription TV Companies

Common Workers Compensation Class Codes:

  • 7536: Cable Installation and Construction
  • 8901: Cable and Telecommunications—Office Employees
  • 7600: Cable TV or Satellite—Other Employees and Drivers
  • 6325: Conduit Construction—for Cables or Wires
  • 8742: Outside Sales Persons

 

Work Comp Rates are on the Decline

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Many States have Work Comp Rates that are Changing in 2018.  

Work Comp is the only Commercial Insurance Line going down, but most states have rates that are going to decrease significantly in 2018.  The second half of the year, is when the governing body for the workers compensation system in each state makes the decision to set rates on different classification codes. So far in 2017, 36 out of 50 states are deciding to decrease their work comp rates. Several states are seeing significant decreases. According to Business Insurance, 13 states show rate-decrease filings of between 10% and 16.3%.

Work Comp Rates are on the decline in 2018.

Here are a list of several recommendations from NCCI and State governing bodies throughout the US.

Colorado

The NCCI is recommending a 12.7 percent decrease in rates for 2018. The reason for this significant of a decrease in Colorado is related to ongoing efforts by employers to prevent workplace injuries. Also included in the reasons for the significant decrease in work comp rates is the declining or stabling figures in frequency of claims, duration of claims, severity of injuries and medical costs.

Illinois

NCCI recommends a 10.9% workers compensation premium rate decrease for Illinois.

Kentucky

The 2017 rate filing, which will impact rates in 2018 is an average reduction of 4.6 percent for work comp rates.

New Mexico

The New Mexico Office of Superintendent of Insurance has announced an average 16percent reduction in workers compensation pure premiums for 2018.

West Virginia     

NCCI recently filing for a 10.3 percent reduction in work comp rates with the state Insurance Commission.

Idaho 

The Idaho Department of Insurance has received a proposal from the NCCI for an overall rate drop of 5.8 percent percent to workers’ compensation insurance. This rate has not yet been approved, but employers can expect a decline in work comp rates.

Montana 

Montana’s state-mandated workers’ compensation insurance fund has announced it is returning a record $40 million in dividends to most of the businesses and organizations it insures.

Work Comp Rates in 2018 are decreasing in 36 out of 50 states.

Kansas 

The 2017 rate filing by NCCI for workers’ comp shows a decrease of 8.4 percent in the voluntary base rate and a decrease of 7.8 percent for assigned risk workers’ compensation rates. Adding together the rate decreases Kansas business owners saw in 2016, the rates will have dropped 20 percent in the voluntary base rate and 18 percent in the assigned risk rate over the past two years.

Tennessee

NCCI Files 12% Decrease for Tennessee Workers’ Comp Loss Costs, as a result of a decline frequency and severity of claims.

Connecticut 

Connecticut has had a recommendation of 14.1 percent reduction on average in the “loss cost” formula which helps determine rates. This rate has not yet been approved, but employers can expect a significant decline in work comp rates.

Washington 

Washington’s Department of Labor and Industries has recommended a drop of 2.5% in 2018.

Iowa 

NCCI has announced an 8.7 percent average reduction in premiums for Iowa employers beginning in January 2018.

Florida 

Florida businesses may need help the most because of hurricanes that have ravaged the state and a workers compensation system that has been in flux for the past few years.  NCCI has recommended an average 9.3 percent reduction in workers’ compensation premiums in 2018. This reduction comes after an average increase in 2017 of more than 14 percent.

Oregon

Oregon workers comp rates are dropping for fifth straight year.  They have actually declined about an average of one-third since 2013.  In 2018, Oregon employers will see a drop by an average of 14 percent, according to the Department of Consumer and Business Services.

Oklahoma

Oklahoma will have an average decrease of 16.3 percent for 2018 work comp rates.

Michigan

Michigan’s Workers’ Compensation System continues to benefit workers and job providers as the state’s pure premium advisory rate for work comp insurance will decrease by 9.3 percent for 2018. This has contributed to a cumulative decrease of 45 percent from 2011-2018, saving Michigan employers an estimated $446 million in workers’ compensation premiums

 

 

Florida Work Comp Market still in Flux

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This time the Florida Work Comp Market is benefiting the Business Owners who are getting a 9.6% decrease.

For more than a year now, the Florida Work Comp Market has been unstable to say the least. A year ago the National Council on Compensation Insurance (NCCI) recommended a 14.5percent increase which was eventually approved. This increase was in response to two court cases (Castellanos vs Next Door Company and Westphal vs City of St. Petersburg) and state bill 1402. Most within the insurance industry and the business community predicted the state legislatures would enact measures in the first half of 2017 to stabilize the workers comp system in Florida. Those measures failed and the instability has continued.

Florida Work Comp Market

In response to the lack of response from the Florida Legislature, NCCI has taken steps to stabilize the markets after last years large increase in work comp rates. This years’ recommended decrease includes a statewide average premium decrease of 9.3 percent. NCCI said a large part of the recommended decrease stems from improvement in claim frequency of more than eight percent over the last two years. Because this recommended decrease mostly reflects data that pre-dates the Castellanos and Westphal decisions, it would be wise of insureds to not expect this decreased rate to continue in the future.  Carriers are beginning to receive data relating to the impact of Castellanos and Westphal.  As this data continues to mature business owners can expect carriers to adjust their rates accordingly.

Florida is a state that requires employers to carry workers compensation coverage.  The Florida Office of Insurance Regulation has stated it will review the recommendations by NCCI. They plan to evaluate the impact of this decrease in relation to the insurance marketplace as well as employers. A public hearing to discuss this matter will be conducted in October.

Workers Compensation Insurance in 2017 has been a very changing industry. Especially in the state of Florida and many states are using the issues facing Florida as a cautionary tale to get the system in their state in line.

Dry Cleaners

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It’s never fun to think about the risks your dry cleaners business faces, but ignoring them will never make those risks go away.  Knowing exactly what you are and are not covered for is, in some situations, the difference between being closed for a week and your business having to close its doors permanently.  There are many different types of risk a dry cleaners faces. Those risks can be dramatically different from the risks of a painter, an electrician or even a lawyer. If your machinery breaks and you have to be closed for a few weeks while you wait for a part, will your insurance cover that down time? If you damage a clients clothes and your business gets sued, will your insurance cover the lawsuit. If an employee is hurt on the job, how much and what types of medical coverage will your insurance pay for. These are questions you need to have the answers to when you are deciding to buy workers compensation insurance for your dry cleaning business.

Get your questions answered about workers compensation insurance for dry cleaners businesses at My Insurance Question.

Partnering with an independent insurance agent is a good place to start. Independent agents have the ability to shop your workers compensation insurance policy around to many carriers and not just one or a select few. Not all carriers excel at every industry. Some provide better coverage at better prices for certain industries depending upon the appetites of each carrier. Independent agents know what carriers work better with different industries. If you can take just a few moments to let your agent know about the intricacies of your business and the priorities of you as a business owner, they can more than likely find the best coverage to meet your unique needs.

Many Dry Cleaners have a laundromat attached to their business. Find out how this will impact your commercial insurance at My Insurance Question.

 

Dry Cleaners Liability Classification Codes

Commercial insurance companies use various liability classification systems in order to classify and rate coverage premiums for Dry Cleaners. Here are the most common business insurance classification for businesses that perform dry cleaning services:

Business Liability Category: Service Business

SIC Business Insurance Codes:

•   7216- Drycleaning facilities- Except Rugs

•   7216- Drycleaning and Laundry- Coin Operated

NAICS Liability Classifications:

•   812320- Dry Cleaning and Laundry Services (not coin operated)

•   812310- Coin Operated Dry Cleaning and Laundry Store

Business ISO General Liability:

•   Code: 14732- Dry Cleaners and Laundry Stores Front (receiving station)

•   Code: 14733- Dry Cleaners and Laundry Store

•   Code: 45678- Dry Cleaning and Laundry Plants

Common Workers Compensation Class Codes:

•   2586- Dry Cleaning Plant- All Employees

•   2589- Dry Cleaning or Laundry- Retail Store and Drivers

•   2590- New York- Dry Cleaning or Laundry Store

•   8017- Retail Store (Pick-up and Drop-off only)

 

Natural Disaster Preparedness

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With the devastation people have experienced this hurricane season in both Texas and now in Florida it is a wise time to create a natural disaster preparedness plan for your business.  The risks your business will face are going to be different depending upon where your business is located and the industry you operate in. speaking with a risk management professional can be the first step towards determining how much risk your business faces, what types of risk you actually face and how to best mitigate those risks.  Here are four tips to help you protect your business from the impact of a natural disaster.

What can the Business Community learn about Natural Disaster Preparedness from the hurricanes in Texas and Florida?

In the wake of Hurricanes Harvey and Irma, now is a great time to develop a Natural Disaster Preparedness plan for your small business.

 

Call your insurance agent

Every disaster readiness plan should start with a phone call or in person meeting with your insurance agent. It is wise to partner with an independent insurance agent because they interact with many different carriers and can do a better job of making sure your business gets the most extensive coverage at rock bottom prices. Insurance agents also have a unique perspective because they interact with customers on a daily basis who have had to file a claim when something went wrong at their business. They can use those experiences to help you realize risks you may not realize you face and they can help you protect your business to the fullest.

Create a Disaster Readiness Kit

Depending upon where you live and the industry of your business, the contents of this kit may be defense. The size of your staff will make a difference as well. First aid supplies, batteries, water and canned foods should be the start of this kit. Depending upon how far you want to take your preparedness kit, you can also include a generator, fuel, flashlights or even solar chargers. Your insurance agent can help you come up with a list of things you may need and ready.gov is a great place to go for guidance.

Create a communication plan and practice it periodically

There are many ways to communicate with your employees during a time of emergency. The best plans have numerous ways to get out a message during a time when communication lines are down. First you need to find the ways in which your employees like to receive their messages. Many people today do a majority of their communicating via their mobile device, but it is not wise to expect all employees to communicate in this manner. Some may still prefer to receive an email, text message or even an actual phone call. Again, the best way to make sure all employees receive the message is to have numerous ways to communicate with your employees. Once you have a plan in place, it is important to test out your system periodically. This is important because you want to know that your messages can get through when electricity and all communications systems are up and running. Once you know the system will work when things are up and running it is important to than test for when one or all of the ways of communicating are down.

Create a Business Continuity Plan

This is especially important if you are not just a regional business. As many people realize right now that when a disaster happens in one area of the country, business keeps on churning in other parts of the country or internationally. If you have businesses that are expecting shipments to be received or services rendered than you need to prepare for when you cannot preform those services. You may find that you need to consult with a lawyer to get language into a contract for when you are not physically able to perform your contractual obligations. It is good to be prepared for this types of situations, but nothing is better than establishing a good relationship with all parties.customers and keeping open good lines of communication. Most people and businesses will understand when a disaster strikes that business may be interrupted. Giving them a heads up if you know in advance a disaster is coming will go a long way towards getting your third parties on your side when you cannot fulfill your obligations because of a natural disaster.

Assigned Risk Provider

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 What is the Assigned Risk Provider?

The assigned risk provider is also frequently referred to as The State Fund or The PoolQuestion Mark: What is the assigned risk provider?

Workers’ Compensation Insurance is required by law in 48 out of 50 states in the country. Oklahoma and Texas are the only two exceptions to this rule. The workers compensation system was was designed to provide medical coverage and some lost wages for workers who are hurt will performing normal business operations. It benefits the employers by preventing lawsuits that result from injuries that occur as a normal part of the business duties. Now if the business is not following normal safety procedures for their industry they can still be held liable for injuries to their employees.

Workers compensation systems are governed by each individual state government. They determine what types of business can exclude themselves from coverage. Some industries, like artisan contractors for example, do not have to carry coverage on themselves or their employees.  The individual states also determine how rates are determined by insurance carriers who offer coverage within their state. Most states partner with the National Council on Compensation Insurance (NCCI) to determine rates for different class codes. Some states; like Utah for example, have their own rating system administered by a government organization. Most use the basic guidelines of the NCCI system.

 

The Assigned Risk Provider is frequently referred to as 'the pool'.

An additional responsibility of the states is setting up a provider of last resort for the employer’s of the state. This provider of last resort is also referred to as the assigned risk provider, the state fund or sometimes the pool. This assigned risk provider is designated as the provider of last resort for businesses who can’t find coverage on the open market. In most cases this provider is noticeably more expensive.

Businesses end up having to purchase coverage from the assigned risk provider for a number of reasons.  Some businesses are in a high risk industry that no carriers are willing to quote coverage to businesses in this industry. Sometimes the business is forced to purchase coverage from the assigned risk provider because the business has had too many claims within a short period time. A final common reason for winding up in the pool is because the business just does not generate enough revenue to justify the amount of risk their business takes on. Most states have some type of requirement for the business to try to obtain coverage from a certain number of providers on the open market before they can apply to the assigned risk provider.

There are three main ways states go about providing employers with an assigned risk provider. States can provide their own fund, some states use NCCI and some states have a partner carrier who guarantees coverage for employers who cannot find coverage on the open market. Typically states who have a strong assigned risk provider enjoy the best rates on workers comp insurance. There are different ways to provide this strong provider, but typically the stronger this provider, the lower the rates employers pay.

Utah is a good example of strong state provider. The fund is called the Workers’ Compensation Fund. It controls 57% of the market and is the main reason Utah enjoys some of the lowest rates in the country. Colorado is another state who operates their workers compensation system a tad differently than most states. Colorado has a partnership with Pinnacol. Pinnacol was begun around the time workers’ compensation became a requirement in the state and it was designed in partnership with the state government to guarantee competing coverage with carriers on the open market.  This partnership does a fairly good job of keeping the rates reasonable for the employer’s of Colorado. Both of these states enjoy some of the lowest rates on Workers’ Compensation Insurance because of their strong Assigned Risk Providers. New York is an example of a state who operates their own assigned risk provider, but does not compete as well to keep rates reasonable. New Yorks’ state fund administered as a non profit agency. The state also has very difficult regulatory compliance regulations for employers in relation to workers compensation coverage. These regulations force many carriers out of the state market. These factors contribute to New York to having some of the highest workers compensation rates in the entire country.

Administering the workers compensation system in a given state is left up to each individual state. There are three main ways states go about doing this service to the business community. Some handle it themselves, others partner with an outside carrier and some contract this service out to a company like NCCI. All three ways can be effective and they each have their own challenges. The strength of these assigned risk providers goes a long way towards determining what employers across the state pay for workers compensation coverage and they will for the foreseeable future.

Gun Clubs

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Gun Clubs and Shooting Ranges

Gun Clubs and Shooting Ranges provide facilities for customers to practice and compete shooting at targets with various types of firearms.  Some ranges are indoors and allow shooting primarily with handguns at fairly short ranges. Other facilities may include outdoor facilities that allow for more long range shooting where larger firearms are present.  Many facilities offer lessons for beginners and concealed carry classes for people interested in self-defense.  Some facilities offer sales of weapons and accessories, rentals of weapons and even repair for damaged weapons.  Many facilities offer periodic tournaments and other competitions. Each of these aspects of the business bring with them additional risks.  Depending upon the business activities of each individual gun club or shooting range the liability needs for each business can be drastically different.

Gun Clubs and Shooting Ranges

Workers Compensation Risks for Gun Clubs and Shooting Ranges

As most business owners know, the risks facing a gun shop are very unique to each individual business and industry. The risks of running a gun shop are different then that of a food truck or an accounting firm.  Many of the Workers Compensation Exposures at gun clubs and shooting ranges are similar to many facilities open to the public. Slips, trips and falls are common causes of injuries in these facilities. There is an elevated amount of risk when a firearm is involved in one of the accidents. This is because of the severity of an injury when a firearm is involved. Businesses in this industry do not typically have a higher frequency of claims, but the claims do tend to be more severe. Because of the severity of these risks, employees should be well-trained and everyone should be required to wear proper safety equipment including ear and eye protection.

Employees who work in this industry face both short term and long term risks. Ear protection is important to protect the long term hearing health of your staff.  Additionally eye protection should be worn at all times when in the presence of live fire. It is wise of a business to provide this safety equipment for the employees and to spend a little extra in order to get safety equipment that is comfortable to wear. Spending additional investment on adequate safety and training programs can go a long way towards keeping your staff safe.  A safe staff is a happy and productive staff.  Taking additional time to protect your employees will help them be more productive and can prevent a costly insurance claim.

 

Shooting Range Liability Classification Codes

Commercial insurance companies use various liability classification systems in order to classify and rate coverage premiums for Gun Ranges. Here are the most common business insurance classification for Shooting Clubs:

Business Liability Category: Recreation and Sports

 

SIC Business Insurance Codes:

    •   7997- Membership Sports and Recreation Clubs

NAICS Liability Classifications:

    •   713990- Other Amusement and Recreation Industries

Business ISO General Liability:

•   Code: 47253- Indoor Rifle or Pistol Ranges

•   Code: 47254- Outdoor Rifle or Gun Ranges

•   Code: 48206- Skeet Shooting or Trap Shooting Ranges

Common Workers Compensation Class Codes:

    •   9180- Amusement Operations- Shooting Clubs